So, what is a Mercedes-Benz 219?

Mm, lets make it easy for me! Just visit Mercedes-Benz Pontons (1953-1962)Mercedes-Benz Pontons (1953-1962) and you'll get answers to all your Ponton questions! A general description of the Ponton models you can find herehere. Good 219 specific pages are WikipediaWikipedia's and CarfolioCarfolio's.

Typ 219 (W105), Einzelblatt 6 Zylinder machen überlegen, © Daimler AG

Click the picture to download in PDF-format, "Typ 219 (W 105), Einzelblatt "6 Zylinder machen überlegen", Nr.334, Einzelblatt, ca.1956, 2 S." © Daimler AG

But what differs?

There are several, more or less obvious, differences between a 219 and the four-cylinder models 180/190 as well as the six-cylinder models 220a/S/SE.

  • The 219 is a 190 from the rear up to the windshield, meaning that it shares the shorter legroom for rear seat passengers. After the windshield comes a 100mm longer front, needed to accommodate the 2,2l, 6 cylinder engine. The 220’s are another 70mm longer, given to the rear seat passengers who can enjoy more legroom.
  • Given the above, the 180/190/219’s rear door are shorter than the 220’s and do not have the vertical chrome strip that separates a fixed glass from the glass that you can roll down.
  • Also, 219 has the same exterior chrome as the 190 but less than the 220a.The 220S/SE has even more (too much in my opinion).
  • The long blinkers on the front fenders separate all six cylinder models from the four cylinder models which have smaller "bulbs" close to the windshield.
  • The 219 interior and door cards are comparable to the 190 and hence is simpler than the 220’s.
  • Around the windows and on the instrument panel there’s bakelite instead of wood. The only wood in a 219 is above the instrument panel, towards the windshield.
  • The instrument cluster differs from the 220-models and also the position of the cigar lighter. If I remember correctly the 220s have a different clock as well.
  • The 219’s coupe fan only has one speed, as the small Ponton, compared to the 220’s two speed fan.
  • The double-barrel carburetor Solex PAATI 32 in the provides the 219 with the correct air/fuel ratio. Also the 220a had a double-barrel carburetor, to my knowledge PAATI as well, but some sources states otherwise. There are questions around if it is PAATI or PAATJ but my MB spare parts list as well as original documentation from Solex and DVG states PAATI. The 220S has two double-barrel PAITA carburetors (which some sources call PAJTA).
  • The ATE T50 brake booster was standard on the 219, on the smaller models it was not.

You can for probably find more differences, but this is what comes to my mind right now...


Combustion principle four-stroke Otto
Configuration front, longitudinal; vertical
Engine type M 180 II / 180.921
Number of cylinders / arrangement 6 / in line
Bore x Stroke 80 x 72.8 mm
Total displacement 2195 cc (tax classification: 2171 cc)
Compression ratio 7.6; from 08.1957: 8.7
Crankshaft bearings 4
Rated output 85 hp at 4800 rpm; from 08.1957: 90 hp at 4800 rpm
Rated torque 16 mkg at 2400 rpm; from 08.1957: 17 mkg at 2400 rpm
Number of valves / arrangement 1 intake, 1 exhaust / overhead
Valve operation overhead camshaft
Camshaft drive double roller chain
Fuel system 1 double-downdraft carburetor Solex 32 PAATJ
Cooling water cooling / pump; 11.3 l water
Lubrication pressure circulation lubrication / 6 l oil
Electric system 12 V
Battery 42 Ah; from 09.1955: 56 Ah / in the engine compartment
Generator 160 W
Starter electrical / 0.8 hp
Ignition battery ignition
Fuel tank: position / capacity in the rear / 56 l
Fuel supply diaphragm pump

Chassis and drive train

Frame design floor assembly / steel unit body
Front-wheel suspension double wishbone
Rear-wheel suspension single-joint swing axle
Front springs coil springs, torsion bar stabilizer
Rear springs coil springs
Shock absorber front/rear telescopic shock absorbers
Steering recirculating-ball steering
Steering ratio 20.8:1 / 4 turns lock-to-lock
Brake system (foot brake) hydraulic (vacuum booster optional), acting on front- and rear wheels; four-wheel drum brakes
Parking brake (hand brake) mechanical, acting on rear wheels
Diameter of brake discs and/or brake drums brake drums front / rear: 230 mm
Wheels sheet-steel wheels
Wheel rims drop center rim 5 K x 13
Tires 6.40-13
Driven wheels rear wheels
Drivetrain divided cardan shaft

Transmission and performance

Gearing 4-speed manual transmission

Availability Standard
Shifting steering-column shift lever
Clutch dry single-disc clutch
Transmission type change-speed gear
Syncromesh gears I - IV
Gear ratios I: 3.52; II: 2.32; III: 1.52; IV: 1.0; R: 3.29
Final drive ratio 4.10; from 08.1957: 3.90
Maximum speed 148 km/h
Acceleration 0-100 km/h 17 s
Comments acceleration by shifting through from 0 - 100 km/h (2 occupants)
Fuel consumption 11.2 l
by Guideline DIN 70030: consumption, determined at 3/4 of top-speed (not more than 110 km/h), plus 10%

Transmission and performance Hydrak

Hydraulic-automatic clutch "Hydrak" (my car is not equipped with this)

Availibility At request (from 08.1957)
Shifting Lenkradschaltung
Clutch hydraulisch-automatische Kupplung "Hydrak"
Transmission type Zahnrad-Wechselgetriebe
Syncromesh gears I - IV
Gear ratios I. 3,52; II. 2,32; III. 1,52; IV. 1,0; R. 3,29
Final drive ratio 3,90
Maximum speed 148 km/h
Acceleration 0-100 km/h 17 s
Comments Beschleunigung mit Durchschalten von 0 - 100 km/h; Belastung 2 Personen
Fuel consumption 11,4 l
by Guideline DIN 70030, ermittelt bei 3/4 der Höchstgeschwindigkeit, maximal 110 km/h, unter Zuschlag von 10%

Dimensions and Weights

Wheelbase 2750 mm
Front / rear track 1430 / 1470 mm
Length 4650 mm; from 08.1957: 4680 mm
Width 1740 mm
Height 1560 mm
Turning circle diameter 11 m
Kerb weight 1260 kg (with Hydrak: 1275 kg)
by Guideline DIN 70020 (ready to drive, including fuel, spare wheel and tool kit)
Gross weight 1725 kg
Gross axle weight; front 825 kg
Gross axle weight; rear 900 kg
Payload 465 kg (with Hydrak: 450 kg)

General Data

Units produced 27,842 sedans, 3 chassis
Prices 05.1956: DM 10,500.00